Zimbabwe’s tourism industry is investigating ways to solve the dollar challenge brought by the depreciation of the rand, according to Walter Mzembi, Zimbabwe’s minister of tourism and hospitality.
One of the main challenges for tourism in the Sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) region is currency behaviours, Mzembi told Fin24 at the global summit of the World Travel and Tourism Council taking place in Dallas.
The depreciation of the rand has certainly impacted Zimbabwe’s tourism industry, which often prefers to be US dollar based.
This has made it more expensive for South Africans – a big source market – and the net impact has been a reduction of SA as a source market in the SADC region. He pointed out that the depreciation of the rand, on the other hand, does help SA to attract more international travellers.
“We are discussing with the Zimbabwe tourism industry to try and see how we can solve the challenge brought by the depreciation of the rand,” said Mzembi.
The rand depreciated by 30% against the dollar in the course of 2015 and is now trading at R15.12/$.
Sub-Sahara Africa must harness peace for tourism – Zim minister
SSA must harness peace as its chief dividend to attract more international tourists, according to Mzembi. “SSA should leverage the peace in our region at a much greater collective level,” he said.
“Just see how the absence of peace has discounted the travel and tourism products in North and certain parts of East Africa.”
He pointed out that Africa’s share of the global travel and tourism industry is between 3% and 5% in terms of arrivals and revenue. The continent sees about 53 million arrivals per year and the industry on the continent has a total value of about $34bn (R513bn).
About 50% of the market share in SSA belongs to South Africa.
“In the SADC source market we have not seen SA as a competitor, but rather as a competitor as well as a collaborator. There is, therefore, rather a so-called ‘coopetition’ with SA,” explained Mzembi.
“SA is also the hub for air accessibility to SADC markets via the OR Tambo airport. SA has a strategic role for SADC tourism.”
In Mzembi’s view, the second and third aspects the SSA region can leverage for its travel and tourism industry is its people with their “hospitality characteristics” and the region’s the pristine biodiversity.”
Peace, people and biodiversity
“Together these three aspects – peace, people and biodiversity – create an excellent tourism product for the SSA,” said Mzembi.
“(If) our international source markets a decent product … we could grow our SSA tourism three times bigger as we have a natural mix and product.”
He would like to see greater international access created for the region’s tourism market by means of, for example, more budget airlines to provide access to different tourist products.
“We must develop infrastructure and I am encouraged at bilateral level due to how we are bringing down borders in the region by means of more pacts,” added Mzembi.
“We need to integrate beyond just the trans-frontier conservation areas. Actually, the animals are showing us the way – we must follow and remove the colonial borders.”
In the long term, Mzembi sees the development and growth of Africa’s middle class as important for the continent’s travel and tourism industry. He also believes it is important to create destinations in SSA, which would be particularly interesting for Chinese tourists. Destinations of particular interest to Indian tourists should also be developed.
At the same time destinations attractive for current source markets in Europe and the US, for example, must not be neglected. He would also like to see members of the African diaspora and African Americans travelling to SSA as tourists.